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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1984 Jun;22(3):195-202.

Previous experience of induced abortion as a risk factor for fetal death and preterm delivery.


As part of a community-based study in Korea to evaluate the effects of previous induced abortion on length of gestation and pregnancy outcome of subsequent pregnancies, we analyzed data obtained from January 1979 to December 1981 on pregnancies reported to family health workers in Kang Hwa Island, Korea. The preterm, live-birth rates were not significantly associated with previous induced abortion. Overall, the life table-estimated fetal death rate for women enrolled at the eighth or earlier weeks of gestation was 13.7%, 10.2% for women with no previous induced abortion and 28.9% for women with previous induced abortion. The relative risk for fetal death for women who had undergone a previous abortion was 2.8; relative risk for parous women compared to nulliparous women was 3.4. After controlling for parity, previous induced abortion was not a significant variable for fetal death rate.

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