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Obstet Gynecol. 1984 Sep;64(3):363-7.

Adrenoceptor mechanisms in the regulation of contractile activity in the human cervix.


The effects of adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists on the contractile activity of cervical strips from early pregnant and nonpregnant women were studied. Noradrenaline and the alpha-adrenoceptor agonist, phenylephrine, had a stimulatory effect on smooth muscle activity. This response could be blocked totally by the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, phenoxybenzamine. Isoprenaline, known to be a beta-adrenoceptor agonist with some alpha-adrenoceptor activity, had stimulatory and inhibitory effects, whereas the beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist, terbutaline, exhibited a pure inhibitory action. The inhibitory effects of isoprenaline and terbutaline were totally blocked by the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol. In pregnant patients, the sensitivity to noradrenaline was significantly higher, and the inhibitory action of terbutaline was less pronounced, which indicated the predominance of alpha-receptor activity in the uterine cervix during pregnancy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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