Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Lancet. 1984 Jul 28;2(8396):184-7.

Affinity of antibody responses in man to hepatitis B vaccine determined with synthetic peptides.

Abstract

The affinity and level of antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) in recipients of a plasma-derived hepatitis B vaccine were determined with three different antigens. The first two antigens were prepared by chemical synthesis, to represent linear or cyclical forms of aminoacid sequences 139 to 147 of the major hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) polypeptide. The binding of antibodies to these synthetic peptides was compared with that to a third antigen, prepared by solubilisation of the naturally occurring HBsAg, the basic component of the currently licensed hepatitis B vaccine in the United Kingdom. Antibody levels, expressed as total antibody combining sites (Abt) in fixed volumes of immune sera, increased throughout the course of immunisation and correlated with the development of antibody as measured by a commercially available radioimmunoassay. Abt values were similar for both forms of the synthetic peptide, although higher affinity values were found with the cyclical structure, which illustrates the importance of protein conformation in antibody responses to HBsAg. Antibody affinity for the three antigens increased progressively throughout the immunisation schedule but the pattern of affinity maturation varied according to the peptide used as an antigen probe and between subjects. Most subjects showed a significant rise in antibody affinity after the third (booster) dose of vaccine given at six months. The use of synthetic peptides allowed a quantitative and qualitative assessment of antibody responses to hepatitis B vaccine and confirmed that selected peptides corresponding to relevant HBsAg epitopes may be useful as alternative hepatitis B vaccines.

PMID:
6146750
DOI:
10.1016/s0140-6736(84)90479-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center