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Eur J Biochem. 1984 Jun 15;141(3):617-27.

Isolation of three cyclic-AMP-independent acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinases from lactating rat mammary gland and characterization of their effects on enzyme activity.


Three cyclic AMP-independent acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinases (A, B1 and B2) have been isolated from lactating rat mammary gland, using phosphocellulose chromatography, high performance gel filtration, and affinity chromatography on casein-Sepharose and phosvitin-Sepharose. These protein kinases have been identified with previously described kinases by the following criteria. Kinase A phosphorylates the same sites on rabbit mammary acetyl-CoA carboxylase as acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase 2, which was originally described as a contaminant of rabbit mammary acetyl-CoA carboxylase purified by the poly(ethylene glycol)procedure. Kinase A will henceforth be referred to as acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase-2. Kinase B1 has been identified with casein kinase II by its heparin sensitivity, elution behaviour on phosphocellulose, molecular mass, substrate specificity and subunit composition. Kinase B2 has been identified with casein kinase I by its elution behaviour on phosphocellulose, molecular mass, substrate specificity and subunit composition. The three kinases phosphorylate distinct sites on acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Phosphorylation by either casein kinase I or II does not affect enzyme activity. However, acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase 2 inactivates acetyl-CoA carboxylase reversibly, in an identical manner to cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase, and phosphorylates sites located on identical peptides. Acetyl-CoA carboxylase kinase-2 can, however, be distinguished from the free catalytic subunit of cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase by its molecular mass, its substrate specificity, its elution behaviour on phosphocellulose, and its complete lack of sensitivity to the protein inhibitor of cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase. We also present evidence that phosphorylation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase by cyclic-AMP-dependent protein kinase occurs directly and not via a bicyclic cascade system as proposed by other laboratories.

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