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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1984 Feb;325(2):124-30.

Effects of verapamil, diltiazem and ryosidine on the release of dopamine and acetylcholine in rabbit caudate nucleus slices.


Slices of the rabbit caudate nucleus were preincubated with 3H-dopamine or 3H-choline and then superfused with label-free medium. Release of 3H-dopamine and 3H-acetylcholine was elicited by either electrical stimulation at 8 (in one series 2) Hz, or an increase in the K+ concentration by 50 mmol/l, or addition of L-glutamate 1 mmol/l. Verapamil 1 mumol/l, diltiazem 1 and 10 mumol/l, and ryosidine 1 mumol/l failed to the reduce the electrically-, K+- and glutamate-evoked overflow of tritium. Verapamil 1 mumol/l and diltiazem 10 mumol/l also failed to reduce the electrically-evoked overflow (2 Hz) when dopamine receptors, neuronal dopamine uptake, and neuronal choline uptake were blocked by domperidone, nomifensine and hemicholinium, respectively. Inhibition of the evoked overflow of tritium was only obtained when concentrations were increased to verapamil 10 mumol/l, diltiazem 100 mumol/l and ryosidine 10 mumol/l. The inhibition was generally small. It was more evident for slices preincubated with 3H-choline than for those preincubated with 3H-dopamine, because in the latter verapamil, diltiazem and (much less) ryosidine accelerated the basal efflux of tritium. The inhibition of the K+-evoked overflow of tritium was probably due to blockade of Ca2+ channels because this overflow was Ca2+-dependent but tetrodotoxin-resistant. In contrast, the inhibition of the electrically- and glutamate-evoked overflow possibly involved blockade of Na+ channels as well. The results indicate that three calcium antagonists from different chemical classes are very weak inhibitors of Ca2+ entry into, and hence transmitter release from, the terminal axons of central dopaminergic and cholinergic neurones. The function of the high affinity calcium antagonist binding sites that have been identified in brain remains unknown.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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