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Eur J Cell Biol. 1983 Nov;32(1):108-16.

Stages in specialization of fibroblast adhesion and deposition of extracellular matrix.


Fibroblast cells seeded on a serum glycoprotein shown previously to mediate a spread shape without focal adhesions or microfilament bundles (Stage 1 spread) are now shown to have substratum contacts in which coated pits are abundant and associated with small globular deposits of glycocalyx bridging to substratum and staining for fibronectin and acidic glycoconjugates. After stimulation with serum or fibronectin to form focal adhesions and microfilament bundles (Stage 2 spread), clathrin-based structures remain at the cell underside but no longer in conspicuously higher concentration than on the dorsal surface; extracellular material at adhesions is now as regular strands which stain for acidic glycoconjugates but (as reported earlier by Chen and Singer) not always for fibronectin. During these stages of adhesion, striking changes are seen in the cellular display of fibronectin monitored by immunofluorescence. In rounded cells this is granular and cytoplasmic, concentrated around the submembranous cortex; on spreading to Stage 1, it remains granular and intracellular but is now oriented strongly towards the lower cell surface; only in Stage 2 does externalisation proceed to deposit fibrillar fibronectin on the substratum. While cytoplasmic orientation of matrix precursors can be determined by cell contact, organised externalisation is therefore coupled to fully developed adhesion status.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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