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Lancet. 1983 Nov 19;2(8360):1163-5.

Diarrhoea in vipoma patients associated with cosecretion of a second active peptide (peptide histidine isoleucine) explained by single coding gene.


Peptide histidine isoleucine (PHI), first isolated from pig intestine, is distributed identically to vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in all mammals. 42 patients with high plasma VIP secondary to VIPoma also had very high plasma PHI-like immunoreactivity, in a constant ratio to VIP. None of 125 patients with other endocrine tumours had high levels of either peptide. VIPoma tissue from 20 patients also contained PHI shown by immunocytochemistry to be produced by the same cell as VIP. Messenger RNA(mRNA) from one of these tumours contained the codes for VIP and a separate PHI-like sequence. Human PHI-like sequence differed from porcine PHI in only two aminoacid residues. A single cell thus produces two separate regulatory peptides with apparently similar potencies but different spectra of activity. In normal tissue the constant coproduction of two active neuropeptides by a single neuron provides further evidence against the doctrine of one neuron producing only one neurotransmitter.

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