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J Biol Chem. 1983 Sep 25;258(18):11092-7.

Evidence that the erythrocyte calcium pump catalyzes a Ca2+:nH+ exchange.

Abstract

Treatment of whole erythrocytes with 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid stilbene (DIDS) results in inhibition of ATP and phosphate-dependent Ca2+ transport in subsequently prepared inside-out vesicles (IOV). Accumulation of phosphate into IOV in the presence of Ca2+ is virtually abolished by prior DIDS treatment, consistent with the presumed inhibition of the band III anion-exchange protein by this agent. No inhibition of Ca2+-activatable ATP hydrolysis is observed following DIDS treatment when open membranes are used to prevent development of ion gradients. This indicates that DIDS does not affect the inherent ATPase activity of the calcium pump (Waisman, D. M., Smallwood, J., Lafreniere, D., and Rasmussen, H. (1982) FEBS Lett. 145, 337-340). In IOV prepared from untreated cells, ATP-dependent Ca2+ uptake is stimulated by phosphate, sulfate, or chloride. Rates of Ca2+ uptake into DIDS-IOV are not increased by these anions. Lipid-permeable organic acids such as acetate, however, do promote Ca2+ transport in DIDS-IOV. Lipophilic anions incapable of transporting protons into the vesicle interior (nitrate and thiocyanate) support sustained uptake only when the protonophore carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone is also added. These results support a model of the (Ca2+-Mg2+)-ATPase as a pump exchanging Ca2+ for protons, not transporting Ca2+ alone. Band III protein appears to promote Ca2+ transport in the presence of phosphate, sulfate, or chloride by exchanging external anion for the accumulating OH- (or HCO3-) produced by the calcium pump.

PMID:
6136513
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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