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J Med Chem. 1983 Jul;26(7):974-80.

Synthesis and receptor binding studies relevant to the neuroleptic activities of some 1-methyl-4-piperidylidene-9-substituted-pyrrolo[2,1-b][3]benzazepine derivatives.


The synthesis of a series of 1-methyl-4-(9-substituted-11H-pyrrolo[2,1-b]benzazepin-11-ylidene)piperidines (4a-f) and 1-methyl-4-(9-substituted-6,11-dihydro-5H-pyrrolo[2,1-b][3]benzazepin-11-ylidene)piperidines (4g-l) is described. As with th e 3-substituted cyproheptadine compounds 1b-e, atropisomerism exists in 4b-f, but unlike the enantiomers of 1b-e, the pyrrolobenzazepine enantiomers racemize at room temperature. Thus, the bromo compound (+)-4b has a half-life of 128 +/- 1 min at 25 degrees C, while the chloro compound (-)-4c has a half-life of 114 +/- 9 min at 25 degrees C. Compounds 4a-l have been examined for receptor binding affinities in assays that have been recognized as predictive for antipsychotic activity. The displacement of specifically bound tritiated ligands, comprising the dopamine antagonist [3H]spiperone, the dopamine agonist [3H]apomorphine, the muscarinic cholinergic antagonist [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB), the alpha-adrenergic antagonist [3H]prazosin, the alpha-adrenergic agonist [3H]clonidine, the serotonin-1 binding agent [3H]serotonin, and the mixed serotonin agonist-antagonist [3H]lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), by 4a-l has been measured utilizing membrane preparations of mammalian brain. Certain of the features of the receptor binding of these compounds have been shown to be common to several of the receptor sites. Data from these binding studies have been compared to corresponding data previously obtained for a series of chiral 3-substituted cyproheptadine analogues, and the receptor binding data of the two classes of compounds are discussed with respect to their molecular geometries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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