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J Inherit Metab Dis. 1982;5(4):227-8.

Glycogen storage disease type 1b due to a defect of glucose-6-phosphate translocase.


Patients with glycogen storage disease (GSD) type 1b have shown normal activity of glucose-6-phosphatase (EC as assayed in frozen liver, though their clinical and biochemical findings were similar to those of patients with GSD 1a (McKusick 23220) (Senior and Loridan, 1968). In 1978, we suggested that a basic defect of GSD 1b exists in the glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) transport system (Narisawa et al., 1978; Igarashi et al., 1979). Since then, there have been reports confirming our observation (Beaudet et al., 1980; Lange et al., 1980; Corbeel et al., 1981; Schaub et al., 1981). Recently, it was postulated that the G6Pase system contains a phosphate translocase which mediates the efflux of phosphate, in addition to a G6P translocase and a non-specific phosphohydrolase (Arion et al., 1980). Therefore, it is possible that GSD 1b is caused by a defect of phosphate translocase. In this paper, the basic defect in GSD type 1b was investigated in two patients; one with severe, the other with mild, clinical symptoms.

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