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FEBS Lett. 1983 Jan 24;151(2):189-92.

Effects of solubilisation on some properties of the membrane-bound respiratory enzyme D-amino acid dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli.


Solubilisation, delipidation and partial purification of the membrane-bound enzyme D-amino acid dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli K12 produced significant changes in several of its properties. Solubilised enzyme showed a broader substrate specificity, increased affinity for at least three substrates, and a lower pH optimum with D-alanine as substrate. Solubilised enzyme was more heat-labile than native enzyme, particularly at 37 degrees C, and re-binding to envelope preparations restored protection against heat denaturation. Activity of delipidated enzyme could be increased by addition of pure phospholipids. Native enzyme showed biphasic Arrhenius kinetics associated with phase changes of membrane lipids.

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