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Drugs. 1982 Oct;24(4):267-303.

Ranitidine: a review of its pharmacology and therapeutic use in peptic ulcer disease and other allied diseases.

Abstract

Ranitidine is a new histamine H2-receptor antagonist which, unlike cimetidine, does not contain an imidazole group. On a weight basis, ranitidine is 4 to 10 times more potent than cimetidine in inhibiting stimulated gastric acid secretion in humans. Therapeutic trials comparing ranitidine and cimetidine have demonstrated that ranitidine 150 mg twice daily is an effective alternative to cimetidine 1000 mg daily in 4 divided doses in increasing the rate of healing of duodenal and gastric ulcers over a period of 4 to 6 weeks. Ranitidine, given as a single 150 mg dose at night, decreases the incidence of ulcer recurrence. Preliminary studies in the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and in patients intolerant of, or unresponsive to cimetidine, indicate that ranitidine controls the gastric hyperacidity and heals most ulcers, including those which failed to respond to months of treatment with cimetidine 1 to 1.6 g daily. Ranitidine, unlike cimetidine, has no antiandrogenic effects and does not alter hepatic metabolism of drugs. Ranitidine is well tolerated. Preliminary reports of the resolution of cimetidine-induced adverse effects following substitution of ranitidine, suggest that ranitidine may be of value in patients intolerant of cimetidine. However, wider clinical experience with ranitidine is needed to determine the clinical relevance of these reports.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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