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J Gen Microbiol. 1981 Dec;127(2):361-70.

The attachment to, and invasion of HeLa cells by Salmonella typhimurium: the contribution of mannose-sensitive and mannose-resistant haemagglutinating activities.


The association of the haemagglutinating activities of Salmonella typhimurium cultures with bacterial adhesion to HeLa cells, and the internalization of the bacteria by HeLa cells, was studied. Adhesion was not inhibited by alpha-methyl-D-mannoside (i.e. adhesion was mannose-resistant), and only four of the six strains tested produced type 1 fimbriae and the associated mannose-sensitive haemagglutinin (MSHA). The other two strains belonged to the non-fimbriate FIRN biogroup. Cultures of all six strains contained a mannose-resistant haemagglutinating (MRHA) activity when grown at 37 degrees C, but cultures of only one fimbriate and one non-fimbriate strain did so when grown at 18 degrees C. From the comparison of cultures grown at 18 degrees C and 37 degrees C, and of mutant strains with the phenotypes MRHA-negative/MSHA-positive, or MRHA-positive/MSHA-negative, it was concluded that the MRHA activity was responsible for the attachment of salmonellae to HeLa cells. Only bacterial adhesion that was resistant to mannose resulted in the internalization of the bacteria by the HeLa cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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