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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1982 Apr 15;711(1):49-58.

De novo fatty acid synthesis in developing rat lung.


The rate of de novo fatty acid synthesis in developing rat lung was measured by the rate of incorporation of 3H from 3H2O into fatty acids in lung slices and by the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase in fetal, neonatal and adult lung. Both tritium incorporation and acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity increased sharply during late gestation, peaked on the last fetal day, and declined by 50% 1 day after birth. In the adult, values were only one-half the peak fetal rates. In vitro regulation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity in fetal lung was similar to that described in adult non-pulmonary tissues: activation by citrate and inhibition by palmitoyl-CoA. Similarly, incubation conditions that favored enzyme phosphorylation inhibited acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity in lung while dephosphorylating conditions stimulated activity. Incorporation of [U-14 C]glucose into lung lipids during development was influenced heavily by incorporation into fatty acids, which generally paralleled the rate of tritium incorporation into fatty acids. The relative utilization of acetyl units from exogenous glucose for overall fatty acid synthesis was greater in adult lung than in fetal or neonatal lung, suggesting that other substrates may be important for fatty acid synthesis in developing lung. In fetal lung explants, de novo fatty acid synthesis was inhibited by exogenous palmitate. Taken together, these data suggest that de novo synthesis may be an important source of saturated fatty acids in fetal lung but of lesser importance in the neonatal period. Furthermore, the regulation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity and fatty acid synthesis in lung may be similar to non-pulmonary tissues.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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