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Eur J Biochem. 1981 Jun 1;116(3):479-86.

Purification of a soluble, sodium-nitroprusside-stimulated guanylate cyclase from bovine lung.


A soluble, sodium-nitroprusside-stimulated guanylate cyclase as been purified from bovine lung by DEAE-cellulose chromatography, ammonium sulfate precipitation, chromatography on Blue Sepharose CL-6B and preparative gel electrophoresis. Apparent homogeneity was obtained after at least 7000-fold purification with a yield of 3%. A single stained band (Mr 72000) was observed after gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. The purified enzyme migrated as one band also under non-denaturing conditions in acrylamide gels (5-12%). The mobility of this band corresponded to an Mr of 145000. The enzyme sedimented on sucrose gradients with an S20, w of 7.0 S. Gel filtration yielded a Stokes' radius of 4.6 nm. These data suggest that the enzyme has an Mr of approximately 150000 and consists of two, presumably identical, subunits of Mr 72000. Sodium nitroprusside stimulated the purified enzyme 15-fold and 140-fold to specific activities of 8.5 and 15.7 mumol of cGMP formed min-1 mg-1 in the presence of Mn2+ and Mg2+, respectively. Formation of cGMP was proportional to the incubation time and to the amount of enzyme added. The stimulatory effect of sodium nitroprusside was half-maximal at about 2 microM, was observed immediately after addition and could be reversed either by dilution or by removal of sodium nitroprusside on a Sephadex G-25 column. The purified enzyme in the absence of catalase was stimulated by sodium nitroprusside, N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine and in the presence of catalase by sodium nitrite and sodium azide. In the presence of Mn2+ and sodium nitroprusside, the purified enzyme catalyzed the formation of cAMP from ATP at a rate of 0.6 mumol min-1 mg-1.

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