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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1981 Jul;218(1):217-30.

Vascular effects of ketanserin (R 41 468), a novel antagonist of 5-HT2 serotonergic receptors.


The serotonergic receptor antagonist 3-(2-[4-(4-fluorobenzoyl)-1-piperidinyl]ethyl)-2,4-[1H,3H]quinazolinedione Ketanserin (R 41 468) caused a dose-dependent inhibition on the contractile responses to 5-hydroxytryptamine of isolated rat caudal artery, canine basilar, carotid, coronary and gastrosplenic arteries, canine gastrosplenic veins (threshold 10(-10)-10(-9) M) and canine saphenous veins (threshold 10(-8) M). In concentrations up to 2.5 X 10(-5) M, it did not have agonistic properties. From 10(-8) M on, R 41 468 inhibited the contractions of rat caudal arteries and canine saphenous veins caused by postjunctional alpha adrenergic activation. In the rat caudal artery, R 41 468, in concentrations which did not affect the contractile response to norepinephrine, abolished the amplifying effect of low concentrations of 5-hydroxytryptamine on alpha adrenergic activation. In the canine saphenous vein, R 41 468 did not affect the prejunctional inhibitory effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine during sympathetic nerve stimulation. In the perfused guinea-pig stomach, R 41 468 depressed and in certain experiments reversed the vasoconstrictor response to 5-hydroxytryptamine. In isolated perfused kidneys from both normotensive and spontaneously hypertensive rats, R 41 468, in concentrations which did not depress vasoconstrictor responses to exogenous norepinephrine, inhibited those to 5-hydroxytryptamine. The compound caused a dose-related reduction in aortic blood pressure in unanesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats, which was larger and occurred at lower concentrations, than in control animals. These results demonstrate that R 41 468 is a potent antagonist of the vasoconstrictor effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine, in particular of its amplifying effect on threshold amounts of norepinephrine, which may help explain its antihypertensive properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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