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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1980 Jan 18;617(1):1-11.

Effects of fat content in the diet on hepatic peroxisomes of the rat.


Effects of fat content in the diet on rat liver peroxisomes was examined. In the livers of rats fed for one week on the high-fat diet containing 30% fat, the cyanide-insensitive palmitoyl-CoA oxidation was accelerated to eight times that of control and the enzymic activities of catalase, carnitine acetyltransferase and carnitine palmitoyltransferase were elevated by the factors of 1.3, 5 and 2, respectively. In contrast, the activities of D-amino acid oxidase in addition to the three enzymes mentioned above were all lowered by 20% when the animals were maintained on a fat-free diet for the same period of time. It appears that the high-fat diet-induced increase in the activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase is a result of the raised activity of this enzyme in mitochondria only while the apparent high activity reflects stimulation of carnitine acetyltransferase in all the subcellular fractions. Another notable effect of the high-fat diet was a remarkable increase in the quantity of a peroxisome-associated polypeptide which was separable by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It is noteworthy that this effect of the high-fat diet resemble that of clofibrate. If the diet was deprived of fat, however, this polypeptide species, with an estimated molecular weight of 80 000, decreased to a level slightly lower than normal. On the basis of the electron micrographic criteria, the high-fat diet provoked a marked proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes.

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