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Virology. 1984 Dec;139(2):346-57.

Different pH requirements for entry of the two picornaviruses, human rhinovirus 2 and murine encephalomyocarditis virus.

Abstract

The entry into cells of human rhinovirus 2 (HRV 2) and murine encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus was studied by the use of light-sensitive virus grown in the presence of acridine orange (HRV 2) and neutral red (EMC). HeLa cells were protected against infection with HRV 2 by NH4Cl, monensin, and other compounds known to increase the pH of intracellular vesicles. Preincubation of the cells with the same compounds reduced the ability of the cells to bind [35S]methionine-labeled HRV 2, apparently due to inhibition of recycling of endocytosed receptors back to the cell surface. The cells were also protected against infection when HRV 2 was bound to cells on ice and the cells were then incubated at 37 degrees with the different compounds. This indicates that low pH is also necessary for some event in the entry process taking place after the virus is bound to the cells. In contrast, compounds which increase the pH in acidic intracellular compartments did not protect mouse L-cells against infection with EMC-virus, and the entry of the virus was inhibited by low pH in the medium. This inhibition was partly overcome by the presence of the ionophore monensin, which elevates the pH in endosomes and lysosomes. Possibly, EMC virus enters the cytosol from vesicles with neutral or slightly alkaline pH.

PMID:
6097029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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