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Cell. 1984 Dec;39(3 Pt 2):447-57.

Coexpression of a PDGF-like growth factor and PDGF receptors in a human osteosarcoma cell line: implications for autocrine receptor activation.


The expression of both a PDGF-like growth factor and functional PDGF receptors within a clonal human osteosarcoma cell line (U-2 OS Cl 6) is demonstrated. These molecules are able to interact and induce tyrosine-specific phosphorylation and early actin reorganization in the osteosarcoma cells, effects similar to those that PDGF induces in normal responsive cells. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation with an antiserum against phosphotyrosine revealed that a 115 kd protein was constitutively phosphorylated in U-2 OS Cl 6 cells. A phosphorylated protein of similar apparent molecular weight has been found in human fibroblasts, but only after stimulation with PDGF. These data indicate that the PDGF-receptor-dependent pathway is constitutively activated in this cell line. Extracellularly added PDGF antibodies did not, however, affect the transformed properties or growth rate of U-2 OS Cl 6 cells in vitro. This indicates that autocrine PDGF receptor activation may be insignificant for maintaining the transformed state of this tumor cell line, or that autocrine receptor activation occurs in a compartment where it is inaccessible to extracellularly added antibodies.

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