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S-100 protein distribution in liposarcoma. An immunoperoxidase study with special reference to the distinction of liposarcoma from myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma.


The presence and distribution of S-100 protein were studied in 63 cases of liposarcoma and 20 cases of myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), using the immunoperoxidase technique. Normal adipose tissue and benign lipomatous tumours were also studied by the same technique, for purposes of comparison. In all liposarcomas, most of the adipocytes and vacuolated lipoblasts were positive for S-100 protein, although the tumour cells in non-lipogenic areas of dedifferentiated liposarcoma and the non-vacuolated giant cells with a deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm in the pleomorphic liposarcomas were devoid of S-100 protein immunoreaction products. One third of the myxoid type liposarcomas contained numerous immunoreactive, immature-appearing spindle or oval cells, reminiscent of the primitive fat organs of white adipose tissue. Conversely, none of the myxoid MFHs contained S-100 protein in the tumour cells, including the irregularly vacuolated ones. These results suggests that the immunohistochemical demonstration of S-100 protein is a useful diagnostic tool, particularly for the assessment of vacuolated tumour cells and for the diagnosis of myxoid tumours.

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