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Mol Gen Genet. 1984;196(3):494-500.

Tn501 insertion mutagenesis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO.


Transposon insertion mutagenesis of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO chromosome with Tn1 and Tn501 was carried out using a mutant plasmid of R68::Tn501 temperature-sensitive for replication and maintenance. This method consists of three steps. Firstly, the temperature-independent, drug-resistant clones were selected from the strain carrying this plasmid. In the temperature-independent clones, the plasmid was integrated into the chromosome by Tn1- or Tn501-mediated cointegrate formation. Secondly, such clones were cultivated at a permissive temperature to provoke the excision of the integrated plasmid from the chromosome. Excision occurred by the reciprocal recombination between the two copies of Tn1 or Tn501 flanking the integrated plasmid, leaving one Tn1 or Tn501 insertion on the chromosome. Thirdly, the excised plasmid was cured by cultivating these isolates at a non-permissive temperature without selection for the drug resistance. Using this method, we isolated 1 Tn1-induced and 43 Tn501-induced auxotrophic mutations in this organism. Genetic mapping allowed us to identify two new genes, pur-8001 and met-8003. The Tn501-induced auxotrophic mutations were distributed non-randomly among auxotrophic genes, and the reversion of the mutations by precise excision of the Tn501 insertion occurred very rarely.

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