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Virology. 1984 Oct 30;138(2):246-59.

Characterisation of a herpes simplex virus type 1 mutant which has a temperature-sensitive defect in penetration of cells and assembly of capsids.


A herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) mutant, ts1204, which has a temperature-sensitive (ts) mutation located within genome map coordinates 0.318 to 0.324, close to but outside the coding sequences of the glycoprotein gB gene, has been characterised. Although this mutant adsorbed to the cell surface at the nonpermissive temperature (NPT), it failed to penetrate the cell membrane. As a consequence of this defect, high multiplicities of infection of ts1204 blocked subsequent infection of cells by wild-type HSV-1. By contrast, at the NPT, superinfection of cells with HSV-2 was not inhibited by prior infection with ts1204. The penetration defect could be overcome either by brief incubation of mutant virus-infected cells at the permissive temperature, or by treatment of the cells with polyethylene glycol, a compound which promotes fusion of membranes. Upon continued incubation of ts1204-infected cells at the NPT, low numbers of capsids were assembled. Although these capsids all had some internal structure, they did not contain DNA. Another mutant, ts1208, which lies in the same complementation group as ts1204, penetrated cells normally at the NPT, but like ts1204, had a defect in the formation of functional capsids. Evidence presented in this paper suggests that the gene in which the ts1204 and ts1208 lesions map encodes a structural polypeptide.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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