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Lipids. 1984 Aug;19(8):617-24.

Alteration and recovery of bleeding times, platelet aggregation and fatty acid composition of individual phospholipids in platelets of human subjects receiving a supplement of cod-liver oil.


The effect of supplementation with cod-liver oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), 20:5 omega 3, on bleeding times, thrombin-induced platelet aggregation, platelet protein, platelet cholesterol, and the level and fatty acid composition of individual phospholipids in the platelets of human subjects was determined. Measurement of these parameters was conducted before the subjects received the supplement (day 0), after they received the supplement for 14 days (day 14), and 14 days after the supplement was terminated (day 28) so as to monitor recovery. The mean bleeding times exhibited a marked increase (by 81%) with supplementation and returned to near basal (day 0) values within 14 days after the supplement was terminated. Cod-liver oil supplementation significantly reduced thrombin-induced platelet aggregation with a partial recovery being exhibited by day 28. The content of phospholipid, cholesterol and protein (microgram/10(9) platelets) was not significantly different (P greater than 0.05) when isolated from the subjects at day 0, 14 and 28, as neither were the composition of individual phospholipids [phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylinositol (PI) and sphingomyelin (SPH)] given as % of total phospholipid. However, the fatty acid compositions of all platelet phospholipids were altered significantly by the fish oil supplement. In PC, EPA rose from 0.3 to 2.9% of total fatty acids and docosahexaenoate from 0.7 to 1.8% concomitant with a drop in arachidonate (from 14.1 to 9.6%) and linoleate (from 10.2 to 7.9%); these levels approached basal levels 14 days after supplementation was terminated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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