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Cell Immunol. 1984 Oct 1;88(1):213-21.

Unsaturated fatty acids stimulate NADPH-dependent superoxide production by cell-free system derived from macrophages.


Arachidonic acid (C20:4) and other unsaturated fatty acids are shown to activate superoxide (O2-) production in a cell-free system represented by sonically disrupted guinea pig peritoneal macrophages. The reaction requires a heat-sensitive cellular component and NADPH, is enhanced by flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and is not linked to enzymatic oxidation of the fatty acid. C20:4-elicited O2- formation is dependent on the cooperation between a subcellular component sedimentable at 48,000g (probably containing the O2- -forming enzyme) and a cytosolic factor. This appears to be the first report of O2- generation being elicited in a cell-free system derived from unstimulated cells and supports the idea that unesterified unsaturated fatty acids act as second messengers of O2- formation in intact phagocytes.

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