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Pflugers Arch. 1984 Jun;401(2):119-24.

O2 consumption, aerobic glycolysis and tissue phosphagen content during activation of the Na+/K+ pump in rat portal vein.


Oxygen consumption, lactate production and tissue contents of ATP, phosphocreatine (PCr) and lactate were measured following readdition of K+ to K+-depleted rat portal veins, in order to study the energy turnover associated with Na+/K+ pumping. During incubation in K+-free medium at 37 degrees C spontaneous contractions disappeared in 10-20 min. Readdition of K+ (5.9 mM) after 40 min K+-free incubation caused hyperpolarization of the cell membrane for the first 5-10 min and then gradual depolarization with return of spontaneous action potentials and contractions by 10-20 min. During the first 4-6 min after K+ readdition aerobic lactate production was about doubled and then gradually returned to the original level (0.17 mumol/min g) at about 20 min. The increase in glycolytic rate was prevented by 1 mM ouabain. In contrast, O2 consumption (in K+-free medium, 0.38 mumol/min g) rose by about 10% when K+ was added and this increase lasted about 5 min. By 8 min after K+ addition the increased glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation had accounted for each about the same amount of extra ATP generation over that extrapolated from the steady rate before K+ addition. The average total increase in ATP turnover in the first 8 min was 15%. During this period there was no change in the cellular content of ATP, PCr, or extractable ADP. The results indicate that Na+/K+ pumping utilizes a relatively small share of the total energy turnover in the vascular smooth muscle but is to a large extent dependent on aerobic glycolysis and therefore a major site of carbohydrate usage.

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