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Cell. 1984 Aug;38(1):203-9.

Multicopy single-stranded DNA isolated from a gram-negative bacterium, Myxococcus xanthus.


A gram-negative bacterium, Myxococcus xanthus, was found to contain 500 to 700 copies per chromosome of a short single-stranded linear DNA fragment. When this DNA (multicopy single-stranded DNA; msDNA) labeled at the 5' end with kinase was used as a probe against total chromosomal blots, it hybridized to unique high molecular weight bands, which were cloned and sequenced. Labeling of msDNA was also possible using the Klenow fragment of DNA polymerase I as well as terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, permitting direct sequencing. The 5' end of msDNA was found to be primed by a short RNA segment. The DNA portion of msDNA consisted of 163 bases. Exact correspondence was seen between the msDNA sequence and the sequence of a chromosomal clone. An elaborate secondary structure is postulated for the msDNA sequence. A similar satellite DNA was also found in another myxobacterium, Stigmatella aurantiaca.

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