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J Mol Biol. 1984 Aug 5;177(2):247-67.

Both inverted repeat sequences located at the ends of IS1 provide promoter functions.


Escherichia coli RNA polymerase was found to bind specifically to restriction fragments containing either end of IS1. DNase I footprint analyses indicate that RNA polymerase protects approximately 70 base-pairs at each end of IS1, including the left or right terminal inverted repeat sequences in IS1 (termed insL or insR, respectively) as well as some non-IS1 sequence directly adjacent to each end of IS1. Analysis of transcripts from the left terminal region of IS1 shows that the insL sequence contains a promoter (named insPL), and that RNA synthesis initiates apparently at one in a stretch of five adenylate residues within insL and continues toward the interior region of IS1. Interestingly, most of the resulting transcripts contain polyuridylate residues (more than 5 U residues) at their 5'-ends. Analysis of transcripts from the right terminal region of IS1 indicates that the insR sequence also contains a promoter (named insPR). RNA synthesis initiates specifically at an adenylate residue within insR and continues toward the interior region of IS1, i.e. in the opposite direction to RNA synthesis initiating at insPL, which is present at the other end of IS1. We propose that insPL is used to make the messenger RNA for the IS1-encoded genes insA and insB, while insPR might be used to synthesize an anti-mRNA and thereby negatively regulate insPL.

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