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Eur J Biochem. 1984 Jun 15;141(3):591-7.

Electron-paramagnetic-resonance studies of manganese(II) complexes with elongation factor Tu from Bacillus stearothermophilus. Observation of a GTP hydrolysis intermediate state complex.

Abstract

Changes in the coordination of Mn2+ to nucleotide, water and protein at the active site of elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) have been studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. From the time dependence of the Mn2+ spectrum after addition of GTP to EF-Tu X Mn, it was apparent that three complexes with different EPR linewidths could be detected. Using additional information from the kinetics of 32Pi production and release from EF-Tu X Mn X [gamma-32P]GTP these were identified as EF-Tu X Mn X GTP (linewidth 4.2 mT), EF-Tu X Mn X GDP X Pi (1.20 mT) and EF-Tu X Mn X GDP (1.29 mT). The linewidth for EF-Tu X Mn was 1.51 mT. The rate constant for GTP cleavage on EF-Tu was 0.01 min-1 at 24 C, for Pi release from the EF-Tu X GDP X Pi complex 0.0033 min-1. The corresponding rate constants in the presence of Mg2+ were 0.003 min-1 and 0.0065 min-1. The rate constant for reversal of the cleavage step was found to be much smaller than that for the rate of Pi release (and consequently much smaller than in the forward direction), as shown by 31P-NMR experiments on the incorporation of 18O into Pi from GTP hydrolyzed in the presence of H2 18O. EPR experiments using specifically 17O-labelled GTPs demonstrated an interaction of Mn2+ with the beta-phosphate in both the EF-Tu X GDP X Pi and EF-Tu X GDP complexes. Inorganic phosphate in the EF-Tu X GDP X Pi complex was found not to interact with the metal ion. From EPR experiments in H2 17O, it was concluded that the most probable number of water molecules in the different complexes was 4 (EF-Tu X Mn), 5 (EF-Tu X Mn X GDP X Pi) and 3 (EF-Tu X Mn X GDP), with 2, 0 and 2 metal-protein interactions respectively.

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