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Magn Reson Imaging. 1984;2(2):83-7.

The systemic effect of cancers on human sera proton NMR relaxation times.


In animal models of cancer, an elevation of T1 and T2 in uninvolved tissues and in the blood of tumor bearing animals has been termed "the systemic effect." This study reports T1 values in sera of human patients from Genoa, Italy, with several types of cancer and non-cancerous diseases. T1 values were significantly elevated over normal controls (1628 +/- 113 ms) in colorectal cancers (1725 +/- 149 ms) and stomach cancers (1817 +/- 219 ms). However a systemic effect was not demonstrated in acute myeloid leukemia, chronic lymphatic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, or plasma cell myeloma, or in pancreatic and lung cancers. Noncancerous states of cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis, and monoclonal gammapathies did not show a T1 elevation. In general, T1 values of sera correlated with protein content of the sera; however, a disproportionate contribution of gamma-globulin protein on water proton relaxation times was observed in several cases.

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