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Acta Trop. 1984 Dec;41(4):361-72.

A collaborative study on larval excretory/secretory antigens of Toxocara canis for the immunodiagnosis of human toxocariasis with ELISA.


Two batches of excretory/secretory (E/S) antigens from second stage larvae of Toxocara canis maintained in vitro were prepared independently in two different laboratories (Zürich and Basel) and analysed in order to obtain information for future efforts to standardize the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) used for the serodiagnosis of human toxocariasis. SDS-PAGE and "Western-blotting" revealed at least 10 different antigenic components common to the two antigen preparations. However, distinct qualitative and quantitative differences among the two E/S-antigens were observed, since one antigen had a more complex composition than the other. Despite these differences, an accordance of serodiagnosis was obtained in 80% of 25 sera from patients with suspected Toxocara infection tested independently in two different ELISA systems (Basel and Zürich) with the corresponding E/S-antigens. The specificity was 93% as determined (BS-antigen, BS-ELISA) by testing 46 out of 3396 sera from patients with parasitologically proven extra-intestinal helminthic infections. Cross-reactions occurred mainly with sera from patients infected with filariae (5 from 13 cases) exhibiting very high extinction values in their homologous ELISA-system. The reproducibility (intra- and inter-test variations) of two ELISA systems using the corresponding E/S-antigens varied from 5-15%. The results demonstrate that T. canis E/S-antigens may well be applicable for standardization of the ELISA used for the serodiagnosis of human toxocariasis.

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