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Dev Biol Stand. 1977 Jun 1-3;39:461-8.

Influenza viruses from avian and porcine sources and their possible role in the origin of human pandemic strains.


Studies on influenza viruses from feral ducks trapped in Canada in August 1976, gave a 26% isolation rate from cloacal samples of juvenile birds. Several different influenza A viruses were isolated, some of which possessed novel hemagglutinin and/or neuraminidase antigens. Influenza A viruses isolated from the rectum of feral ducks replicate in the upper respiratory tract and also in the intestinal tract of feral and domestic ducks. Representative human influenza viruses of the H0N1, H3N2 and Hsw1 N1 subtypes replicate in the upper respiratory tract of ducks but not in the intestinal tract. The A/Hong Kong/68 [H3N2] influenza virus that has not been isolated from man for several years was recently isolated from pigs originating from The People's Republic of China. A/Victoria/3/75-like influenza viruses that are currently circulating in man were also isolated from pigs. Both the A/Hong Kong/68 and the A/Victoria/75-like viruses transmitted readily from pig to pig in experimental studies. The susceptibility of ducks and pigs to infection with human influenza viruses suggests that these animals may play an important role in the ecology of influenza A viruses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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