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J Gen Physiol. 1967 Jul;50(6):1469-84.

Temperature effects on pacemaker generation, membrane potential, and critical firing threshold in Aplysia neurons.


Temperature increases cause a regular and reproducible increase in the frequency of generation of pacemaker potentials in most Aplysia neurons specialized for this type of activity which can only be explained as a direct stimulating effect of temperature upon the ionic mechanisms responsible for pacemaker potentials. At the same time all cells in the visceral ganglion undergo a membrane potential hyperpolarization of approximately 1-2 mv/ degrees C warmed. In spite of the marked variation in resting membrane potential the critical firing threshold remains at a constant membrane potential level at all temperatures in the absence of accommodative changes. The temperature-frequency curves of all types of cells are interpreted as a result of the interaction between the effects of temperature on the pacemaker-generating mechanism and resting membrane potential. Previous observations on the effects of temperature on excitability of mammalian neurons suggest that other types of neurons may undergo similar marked shifts in resting membrane potential with temperature variation.

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