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Can Med Assoc J. 1966 Oct 15;95(16):793-7.

Muscular subaortic stenosis: the initial left ventricular inflow tract pressure as evidence of outflow tract obstruction.

Abstract

Two types of intraventricular pressure differences within the left ventricle of man are described. The first is encountered in cases of muscular (or fibrous) subaortic stenosis, in which the outflow tract pressure distal to the stenosis (and proximal to the aortic valve) is low, whereas all pressures recorded in the left ventricle proximal to the stenosis, including that just inside the mitral valve (the initial inflow tract pressure) are high.The second type of intraventricular pressure difference may be recorded in patients without muscular subaortic stenosis when a heart catheter is advanced to the left ventricular wall in such a manner that it becomes imbedded or entrapped by cardiac muscle in systole. Such an entrapped catheter records a high intraventricular pressure that is believed to reflect intramyocardial tissue pressure, which normally exceeds intracavitary pressure. In such cases the initial inflow tract pressure is not high and is precisely equal to the outflow tract systolic pressure, i.e. both are recording intracavity pressure. This type of intramyocardial to intracavitary pressure difference may also be encountered in the left ventricle of dogs.The recent suggestion that intraventricular pressure differences in the left ventricle of cases of muscular subaortic stenosis are due to catheter entrapment by cardiac muscle is refuted by using the initial inflow tract pressure as the means of differentiation between the two types of intraventricular pressure differences outlined.

PMID:
5951625
PMCID:
PMC1935765
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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