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J Med Chem. 1977 Dec;20(12):1617-23.

Potent reversible anticholinesterase agents. Bis- and mono-N-substituted benzoquinolinium halides.

Abstract

A number of bis- and mono-N-substituted benzoquinolinium salts and their analogues were prepared and evaluated as inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AcChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE). These compounds were also used to help identify some of the morphologic characteristics of the surface at or near the active sites of the cholinesterases. The shape, size, configuration, and conformation of the onium moieties of the quaternary ammonium compounds were found to be the important factors in their anticholinesterase activity. A high concentration of the positive charge of the quaternary ammonium compound is not a critical factor for the cholinesterase inhibitory activity. The order of decreasing potency of cholinesterase inhibition of the benzoquinolinium compounds was found to be acridinium greater than phenanthridinium greater than 5,6-benzoquinolinium greater than 7,8-benzoquinolinium. The inhibitory activity of the monobenzoquinolinium halides against cholinesterases is influenced by the N-substituent. A bis-quaternary ammonium compound with a flexible bridge that links the two nitrogen atoms was found to be more potent in inhibiting AcChE and less potent in inhibiting BuChE than a bis-quaternary ammonium compound with a rigid bridge. The acridinium and phenanthridinium derivatives of the benzoquinolinium compounds are very potent reversible inhibitors against both AcChE and BuChE.

PMID:
592327
DOI:
10.1021/jm00222a016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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