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J Pediatr Surg. 1977 Dec;12(6):905-12.

Management of pulmonary insufficiency in diaphragmatic hernia using extracorporeal circulation with a membrane oxygenator (ECMO).


Persistent fetal circulation (PFC) causes severe pulmonary insufficiency in patients who have demonstrated adequate lung function following diaphragmatic hernia repair. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation corrects this condition, but carries the risk of sudden right ventricular failure. Pharmacologic reversal of PFC may be attempted, and if unsuccessful, prolonged venoarterial bypass becomes necessary to provide effective pulmonary support. PDA ligation can then be performed safely and maturation of the pulmonary vasculature allowed to occur. Pulmonary artery pressure monitoring is essential.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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