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Biophys Chem. 1979 Nov;10(3-4):253-60.

Kinetics and mechanism for the conformational transition in p-guanidinobenzoate bovine trypsinogen induced by the isoleucine-valine dipeptide.


The interaction between p-guanidinobenzoate-trypsinogen and the isoleucine-valine dipeptide has been investigated by temperature-jump relaxation spectrometry. Using the absorbance at 281 nm the concentration dependence of the relaxation parameters is consistent with the conventional induced-fit model: rapid ligand binding coupled to a slower intramolecular change; some alternative mechanisms can be excluded. At 296 K, 0.1 M Tris HCl, pH = 7.4, the dissociation equilibrium constant for the overall process is K = 5.1(+/- 0.2) X 10(-5) M; for the binding step K1 = 2.3(+/- 0.3) X 10(-3) M and the rate constants for the structural change are k2 = 26(+/-6)s-1 and k-2 = 0.61(+/- 0.04)s-1; the overall dissociation reaction enthalpy is delta H0 = 26(+/-6)KJmol-1 and the reactiom entropy is delta S0 = 4(+/- 20) kJ-1 mol-1. In combination with CD and X-ray crystallographic data, the results of this study suggest that the binding of the dipeptide to a trypsinogen-like, partially disordered conformation induces a transition to a trypsin-like highly ordered structure.

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