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J Bacteriol. 1968 Jul;96(1):234-41.

Isolation and characterization of carotenoid pigments of Micrococcus roseus.

Abstract

In addition to canthaxanthin, seven pigment fractions were isolated from Micrococcus roseus. They were purified by solvent partitioning and by column and thin-layer chromatography. Visible absorption spectra, chromatographic behavior, and partition coefficients of the pigments and derivatives prepared from the pigments were used in characterizing them. Both alpha- and beta-carotene derivatives were present. The structure of one pigment was suggested as phoenicoxanthin (3-hydroxy-4,4'-diketo-beta-carotene). Four other pigments were tentatively characterized as a dihydroxy-3,4-dehydro-alpha-carotene, a dihydroxy-alpha-carotene, a diketo-alpha-carotene, and a polyhydroxy-beta-carotene. Two pigments were isolated in trace amounts and could not be characterized. All the pigments studied were isolated as mixtures of cis-trans isomers and all except the diketo-alpha-carotene were isolated as esters from M. roseus. Quantitation of the pigments showed that canthaxanthin (4,4'-diketo-beta-carotene) represented 85% of the pigment recovered from extracts. Three of the other pigments contributed a significant proportion of the remaining pigments, whereas the other four were present in only small amounts. beta-Carotene derivatives comprised 96% and alpha-carotene derivatives 4% of the pigments recovered from extracts.

PMID:
5663569
PMCID:
PMC252278
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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