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J Cell Sci. 1977 Apr;24:95-108.

Nuclear DNA content and chromosome numbers throughout the life cycle of the Colonia strain of the myxomycete, Physarum polycephalum.

Abstract

Nuclear DNA content and ploidy have been determined at different stages of the life cycle of the Colonia strain of the myxomycete Physarum polycephalum. Analyses at the plasmodial stage showed that (a) Burton and Fuelgen DNA analyses agreed within 15% with strains which ranged from 0-6 to 3-6 pg of DNA per nucleus; (b) S-phase in Colonia is during the early part of interphase as in the Wisconsin strain; (c) in heterothallic and heterothallic x Colonia crossed strains there are 1-0-1-2 pg of DNA and 70 chromosomes per nucleus and in Colonia 0-6 pg of DNA and 40 chromosomes. Germinating spores of all strains contained one population of cells with about 0-5 pg of DNA and 40 chromosomes and another of larger cells with up to 2-5 pg of DNA and 200 chromosomes. The polyploid nuclei comprised 2-20% of the total in heterothallic strains, 2-65% in heterothallic x Colonia crosses and 25-75% in Colonia. A method was devised for making chromosome spreads of amoebae grown on bacterial lawns. Cells were first exposed to dilute formaldehyde at 26 degrees C for 30 min, then spread on slides with hot lactic acid and strained. Such spreads of CLd (Colonia) and RSD4 (heterothallic) amoebae both contained about 40 chromosomes. The data are consistent with the view that Colonia is haploid throughout its life cycle and that chromosome number is neither halved during sporulation nor doubled during plasmoidal formation. However, the possibility exists that an alternance of ploidy occurs by way of the few diploid nuclei present in the plasmodium.

PMID:
561091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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