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J Lipid Res. 1971 Jan;12(1):96-103.

Acyl transferase activities in dog lung microsomes.


Mammalian lung has a high concentration of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine and other phospholipids in which both fatty acid ester chains are saturated, as opposed to the usual asymmetric phospholipid (one saturated fatty acid and one unsaturated fatty acid). The acyl transferase system in dog lung microsomes was studied by determining the reactivities of various acyl CoA derivatives with 1-lyso-2-acyl- and 1-acyl-2-lyso-phosphatidylcholine. The 16:0 derivative had equal reactivity for both the 1- and 2-lyso positions. The 18:0 derivative also exhibited marked reactivity toward both positions, although the specific activity of the enzyme when palmitoyl CoA was used was approximately twice that compared to when stearoyl CoA was used. The 16:1 derivative showed approximately the same reactivity toward the 1-lyso position as did 16:0 but both 16:1 and 18:1 were more active with the 2-lyso position. These results suggest that acyl transferases may be important in the lung to insure that sufficient amounts of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine will always be present for use in pulmonary surfactant biosynthesis. It is also conceivable that the acyl transferase system described acts on 1- and 2-lyso-palmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (produced by phospholipase hydrolysis of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine) in order to produce phosphatidylcholine species needed for cellular purposes other than surfactant function.

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