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Thromb Haemost. 1979 Dec 21;42(4):1073-114.

Prothrombin time standardization: report of the expert panel on oral anticoagulant control. The International Committee on Thrombosis and Haemostasis, The International Committee for Standardization in Hematology.

[No authors listed]


In collaborative experiments in 199 laboratories, nine commercial thromboplastins, four thromboplastins held by the National Institute for Biological Standards and Control (NIBS & C), London and the British Comparative Thromboplastin were tested on fresh normal and coumarin plasmas, and on three series of freeze-dried plasmas. One of these was made from coumarin plasmas and the other two were prepared from normal plasmas; in each series, one plasma was normal and the other two represented different degrees of coumarin defect. Each thromboplastin was calibrated against NIBS & C rabbit brain 70/178, from the slope of the line joining the origin to the point of intersection of the mean ratios of coumarin/normal prothrombin times when the ratios obtained with the two thromboplastins on the same fresh plasmas were plotted against each other. From previous evidence, the slopes were calculated which would have been obtained against the NIBS & C "research standard" thromboplastin 67/40, and termed the "calibration constant" of each thromboplastin. Values obtained from the freeze-dried coumarin plasmas gave generally similar results to those from fresh plasmas for all thromboplastins, whereas values from the artificial plasmas agreed with those from fresh plasmas only when similar thromboplastins were being compared. Taking into account the slopes of the calibration lines and the variation between laboratories, precision in obtaining a patient's prothrombin time was similar for all thromboplastins.

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