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Microbios. 1979;25(100):71-84.

Nutrition and growth of the moderately halophilic bacteria Micrococcus morrhuae K-17 and Micrococcus luteus K-15.


Chemically defined media have been developed for the growth of two moderately halophilic bacteria, Micrococcus morrhuae K-17 and Micrococcus luteus K-15. M. morrhuae K-17 grows well in a synthetic medium (SM-1) which contains a number of salts, 0.21 M KCl, 2 M NaCl, D-mannose, five vitamins and ten amino acids. The synthetic medium (SM-2) for M. luteus K-15 contains a number of salts, 0.21 M KCl, 1 M NaCl, D-fructose, nine vitamins and nine amino acids. Nutritional studies show that M. morrhuae K-17 can utilize a large number of organic compounds as carbon and energy source while the ability of M. luteus K-15 in utilizing the organic compounds is rather limited. The minimum salt requirement is 0.5 M NaCl for both strains when growth at the optimum temperature of 30 degrees C. However, this requirement can be lowered to 0.2 M in M. luteus K-15 when grown at a lower temperature of 25 degrees C. It is concluded that the ability to grow in a wider range of salt concentrations in response to temperature is species specific in moderate halophiles. The salt range for growth to occur can be extended when cells of both strains are grown in complex medium which might provide the amino acids and growth factors that cannot be synthesized by these strains at high salt concentrations.

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