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Am J Gastroenterol. 1979 Nov;72(5):542-50.

Chronic active hepatitis with cholestatic features. I. A clinical and immunological study.


Twelve of 43 patients with chronic active hepatitis (CAH) (28%) manifested clinical and laboratory features of cholestasis. The criteria for selection of these patients included at least two of the following: chronic or recurrent pruritus, serum alkaline phosphatase levels of 300 mU./ml. and cholesterol of 300 mg./dl. or more. When compared with 31 control cases these patients were found to have a preponderance of Ashkenazi Jews of Roumanian origin, a higher prevalence of joint and thyroid involvement and higher serum Ig-M Levels. Mortality was similar in both groups but patients with cholestatic features tended to die earlier in the course of the disease. Retrospectively, it was found that they had been treated more intensively, attained complete remissions less frequently and developed cirrhosis more readily. There were no significant differences in the frequency of HBsAg and anti-HBs, the mode of onset, the frequency of hepatosplenomegaly and jaundice, the hematologic findings and the prevalence of autoantibodies. Like acute cholangiolitic viral hepatitis, CAH with cholestatic features emerges as a more serious disease than the classical form of CAH.

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