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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1971 Dec;68(12):2982-5.

Enzymatic conversion of 5-oxo-L-proline (L-pyrrolidone carboxylate) to L-glutamate coupled with cleavage of adenosine triphosphate to adenosine diphosphate, a reaction in the -glutamyl cycle.


A new enzyme, 5-oxoprolinase, was found in rat kidney and in several other tissues; it catalyzes the conversion of 5-oxo-L-proline (L-5-oxo-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid, L-2-pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acid, L-pyroglutamic acid) to L-glutamic acid, with concomitant stoichiometric cleavage of ATP to ADP and orthophosphate. The reaction catalyzed by 5-oxoprolinase, in which 5-oxoproline formed from gamma-glutamyl amino acids by the action of gamma-glutamylcyclotransferase is converted to glutamate, appears to function in the gamma-glutamyl cycle. 5-Oxoprolinase requires Mg(++) (or Mn(++)) and K(+) (or NH(4) (+)) for activity. The equilibrium is markedly in favor of glutamate formation at pH 7.8.

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