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Appl Microbiol. 1971 Mar;21(3):466-9.

Isolation and identification of psychrophilic species of Bacillus from milk.


Forty isolates from 97 raw milk samples (heated to 80 C for 10 min and stored at 4 to 7 C for 3 to 4 weeks) were sporeforming, aerobic, gram-positive or gram-variable, rod-shaped bacteria. Fifteen isolates that were identified had characteristics similar to species of Bacillus, except that they had lower growth temperature ranges, were gram-variable, and were somewhat different in sugar fermentations. Four isolates grew well within 2 weeks at 0 C, but they grew faster at 20 to 25 C. These psychrophilic sporeforming bacteria, the importance of which is discussed, are considered to be variant strains of mesophilic bacilli adapted to low temperatures.

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