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Eur J Pharmacol. 1979 Oct 15;58(4):351-7.

The triple effect induced by delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol on the rat blood pressure.


The intravenous injection of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (2-10 mg/kg) produced dose-related changes in the rat blood pressure. Three effects were detected: (1) an immediate and short-lasting hypotension related to bradycardia, blocked after atropine, vagotomy hexamethonium and pithing; (2) A rise in blood pressure 30 seconds after injection, insensitive to yohimbine, hexamethonium, pithing and reserpine treatment; (3) a slow and persistent hypotension, 5 min later, insensitive to atropine and vagotomy but inhibited by hexamethonium, pithing and reserpine treatment. It was concluded that intravenous injection of THC in rats may induce vagal stimulation and hypotension. This effect was reversed and followed by hypertension due to direct vasoconstriction not dependent on sympathetic activity. After this action a central decrease in sympathetic tonus led to a persistent hypotension an effect which is commonly reported for mammals.

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