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Biochem J. 1979 Aug 15;182(2):593-8.

Interactions in vivo between oxidation of non-esterified fatty acids and gluconeogenesis in the newborn rat.

Abstract

Metabolic interactions between fatty acid oxidation and gluconeogenesis were investigated in vivo in 16h-old newborn rats under various nutritional states. As the newborn rat has no white adipose tissue, starvation from birth induces a low rate of hepatic fatty acid oxidation. Hepatic gluconeogenesis in inhibited in the starved newborn rat when compared with the suckling rat, which receives fatty acids through the milk, at the steps catalysed by pyruvate carboxylase and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase. These inhibitions are rapidly reversed by triacylglycerol feeding. Inhibition of fatty acid oxidation by pent-4-enoate in the suckling animal mimics the effect of starvation on the pattern of hepatic gluconeogenic metabolites. It is concluded that, in the newborn rat in vivo, hepatic fatty acids oxidation can increase the gluconeogenic flux by providing the acetyl-CoA necessary for the reaction catalysed by pyruvate carboxylase and the reducing equivalents (NADH) to displace the reversible reaction catalysed by glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in the direction of gluconeogenesis.

PMID:
508300
PMCID:
PMC1161341
DOI:
10.1042/bj1820593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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