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Appl Microbiol. 1968 Sep;16(9):1387-93.

Isolation of shigellae. VI. Performance of media with stool speciments.

Abstract

The efficiencies of three enrichment broths and four plating media for isolation of enteric pathogens were compared from 1,117 stool specimens. Direct streaking proved to be inferior to enrichment, detecting only 50% of the salmonellae and 61% of the shigellae. By contrast, Selenite Broth (SF) found 90% of the total salmonellae isolates and 82% of the shigellae isolates. Gram-Negative Broth (GN) found 82% and 85%, respectively, but Tetrathionate found only 60% and 39%. Thus, SF and GN were comparable for both salmonellae and shigellae and significantly better than Tetrathionate Broth for both. The plating media compared were MacConkey (MAC), deoxycholate citrate (DC), xylose lysine deoxycholate (XLD), and xylose lysine Brilliant Green (XLBG) Agars. Of the total salmonellae isolated, XLD produced 94%; XLBG, 71%; MAC, 55%; and DC, only 35%. Of shigellae, XLD found 89%; MAC, 75%; XLBG, 63%; and DC, but 27%. The efficacy of XLD is observed to be almost threefold that of DC. The most successful combination of media for the detection of fecal pathogens was GN or SF enrichment broths streaked to XLD plates. These analyses resulted in the isolation of 118 strains of salmonellae and 33 of shigellae.

PMID:
4877663
PMCID:
PMC547661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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