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Mutat Res. 1979 Jul;67(3):231-8.

Chromosomal aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges in Chinese hamster cells treated in vitro with hexavalent chromium compounds.


Chinese hamster cells (CHO line) were treated in vitro for 30--39 h with hexavalent chromium compounds (K2Cr2O7 and Na2CrO7), at concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 1.0 microgram of Cr6+ per ml, in medium containing BUdr. Chromosomal aberrations and sister-chromatid exchanges were scored on BUdr-labelled 2nd division metaphases, collected at the end of treatment and stained with Giemsa. Treatment with mitomycin C 0.009--0.030 microgram/ml) was carried out as a control for the responsiveness of the cell system to chromosomal damage. Both chromium compounds induced marked mitotic delays. Chromosomal aberrations were increased about 10-fold by exposure to Cr6+ (1.0 microgram/ml). The principal aberrations observed were single chromatid gaps, breaks and interchanges, whose frequencies increased proportionally to the concentration of chromium. Dicentric chromosomes, isochromatid breaks, chromosome and chromatid rings were also induced. The frequenyc of sister-chromatid exchanges was hardly doubled 30 h after exposure to Cr6+ at 0.3 microgram/ml, whereas it was trebled 39 h after treatment, in the cells whose division cycle had been slowed down by chromium.

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