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J Pediatr Surg. 1979 Jun;14(3):238-46.

Tongue lesions in children.


A review of tongue lesions in children showed that there is a great variety requiring operative intervention, often in infancy. While the presenting symptoms may be related to dysphagia and dyspnea, the aim of operative intervention should not only be to salvage life by restoration of breathing and swallowing, but also to leave a tongue capable of adequate speech, taste, sensation, and normal orofacial development. Intimate knowledge of lingual anatomy and function is necessary to allow selection of the ideal procedure and appropriate timing of the therapy. While careful observation and nonoperative approach may be indicated in non-neoplastic macroglossia, early intervention is often necessary in diffuse neoplastic lesions such as lymphangioma, fibromatosis, or fibrolipomatous dysplasia. While malignant tumors are rare in childhood, they do occur and have to ruled out.

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