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Can J Biochem. 1979 Jun;57(6):605-12.

Lipid requirements for the aggregation of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase in rat liver cytosol.


Two forms of CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase were identified in rat liver cytosol by gel filtration chromatography. The low molecular weight form (L form) is the major form in fresh cytosol. The enzyme associates into a high molecular weight form (H form) upon storage of the cytosol at 4 degrees C. Aggregation of the purified L form of cytidylyltransferase is caused by total rat liver lipids, neutral lipids, diacylglycerol, or phosphatidylglycerol. Diacylglycerol was the only lipid isolated from the rat liver that caused aggregation of the purified enzyme. Although the addition of diacylglycerol to the cytosol did not change the amount of aggregation of the enzyme, a 2.5-fold increase in H form was observed in cytosol pretreated with phospholipase C, or in cytosol from rats fed a high cholesterol diet. In both of these cytosolic preparations, the concentration of diacylglycerol was elevated twofold. Phosphatidylglycerol did not seem to affect the association of the enzyme in cytosol since it is present in very low concentrations in the rat liver cytosol, and its degradation in cytosol by a specific phospholipase did not affect the rate of aggregation. The results suggest that diacylglycerol in an appropriate form is required for association of cytidylyltransferase in rat liver cytosol.

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